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Bihar is located on the eastern part of india and shares a common border with nepal.It is a place of very rich culture and is known for its great scholars who can be seen in almost every part of was a place where budhhism evolved in its early phases.the climate is tropical and the best part of the time to visit is during oct-march.the major cities include Patna,the capital city,rajgir,nalanda,deoghar,bodhgaya etc.
Since the inception of its history Bihar has been cradle of culture and civilization with unparalleled growth in the field of art, culture and religion literature & human rights. It is the land where earliest forms of democracy blossomed in the form of cities governance. With Lord Buddha it witnessed a cultural renaissance as people embraced Buddhism and spread beyond the boundaries of our country. Nalanda was established as a highest seat of learning where students joined from the world all over. The rich culture of Bihar will transport you through 3000 years of history, reliving a rich heritage of romantic legends; to a land affluent in natural beauty, whispering forests, sparkling lakes, majestic forts and palaces, holy rivers, cascading waterfalls, natural hot springs.


Patna is one of the important tourist destinations and a fast expanding modern city. The ancient city of Patliputra has a heritage that goes back to two millennia. Each ruler ascended with a new name for this seat of governance thus Kusumpura became Pushpapura, Patliputra, Azeemabad and now Patna with a continuous history from 6 BC. Patliputra dominated the political fortunes of the whole of north India between 6th century BC and 5th century AD a fact established by archaeological excavations.

Bihar’s capital Patna is on the southern bank of the Ganges a holy river for Indians; joined by three major tributaries in its journey from Varanasi. The Mahatma Gandhi Setu one of the longest bridges in the world at 7.5 km crosses the Ganges 5km west of the city. The city has an illustrious history over the centuries. Ajatshatru shifted his capital of the Magadha empire from Rajgir to Patna.The remains of his ancient city of Pataliputra can still be seen in Kumrahar, a southern district of Patna .Patna was the capital of an enormous empire spanning most of the ancient India-Chandragupta Maurya and Ashoka ruled from here and for almost 1000 years it maintained its status as India’s one of the most important cities.

The city stretches along the southern bank of the Ganges for about 15km. The hub of the city is at Gandhi Maiden and the main market area is Ashok Raj Path. The older area to the east is Patna city.

For a first hand view of what Patna is all about, take a trip to the historic Gandhi Maidan. A huge expanse of green in the heart of the city, the Maidan wakes up every six months or so with amazing regularity whenever a political rally is held. On the fringes of the Maidan is St Xavier’s school alma mater of Patna’s rich and famous. Besides it is one of its kind in the world granary, the Golghar and right next to that is the Ganges. Once a busy riverside with passenger steamers and boats, it had fallen on bad times. However there are plans to revive its ancient glory.

Patna incidentally is home to some of the best libraries in the country. Near St Xavier’s is the British library. Once part of the British Council, it is an independent library and perhaps the only source of intellectual sustenance of the people of the city. Not far away right next to the Patna Medical College and the Patna University both on the banks of the Ganges is the Khuda Baksh Oriental library with its distinguished collection of rare Arabic and Persian manuscipts, Rajput and Mughal paintings and even an inch-wide Quran.

There are other places to see in and around the city. There is the Patna Museum with its metal and stone sculptures from the Maurya and Gupta periods, the Harmandirji at Patna Sahib, a shrine consecrating the birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh the privately held Jalan Museum with its rich collection of jade, Chinese paintings and Louis XIV chairs, the Martyrs’ Memorial at the Old Secretariat and Kumar, the site of the ancient city of Pataliputra as Patna was known in the days of the old.

Patna boasts of clutch of clubs-Bankipore club, Patna club and spanking new exclusive Country club International apart from the bars and restaurants of up market Maurya and Chanakya hotels. As darkness falls the city’s famous Dak Bungalow Chowk comes alive with rickshaws and crowds.

Dak Bungalow chowk is where the action is. Close to the railway station and now centre of most business activity in the city, the four point crossing that makes up the chowk boasts of a number of small hotels and eating places in addition to offices. Brimming with activity for most part of the day, the chowk is quite the opposite of the area around the Bihar Secretariat, which looks sleepy and deserted even though that is where the fortunes of the state are made and unmade.

The Sonepur Mela held at sonepur around November is the largest cattle fair in Asia. It is 25 km from Patna. People from all over the country flock here to sell their livestock. Agro basex exhibitions are also held here. People from far and wide visit this mela. Sonepur has a temple of Hariharnath that is greatly revered by the Hindus who also take a holy dip at the confluence of Ganga and Gandak.

Bodhgaya is where the Buddha attained enlightenment and gave the world a great religion like Buddhism. It is very near the capital city of Patna. At a distance of around 125 km one can easily drive down from Patna. The Mahabodhi Temple is where Buddha attained enlightenment. It has a Peepal tree that is said to have been grown from the branches of the famed tree. The town houses, an Archaeological Museum and monasteries built by people of many Buddhist countries are the main Tourist places in Gaya.

At 90 km from Patna, Nalanda is again a days trip from Patna. Nalanda University was one of the greatest centers of Buddhist learning in ancient times and scholars from far and wide came here. Important attractions of Nalanda are the ruins of the Nalanda University, the Hiuen Tsang Memorial Hall, the Surya Mandir, the Nalanda museum, and the Nav Nalanda Vihar.

Vaishali is an important spiritual place for both Buddhists and Jains. Vaishali is at a distance of 55 km from Patna. Named after King Visala of Ramayana, Vaishali has the distinction of being the capital of one of the first republics in the world run by the Lichchavis. It is here that Lord Buddha preached his last sermon and announced his approaching Nirvana. Lord Mahavira, the 24th Jain Tirthankara, was born here in Kundligrama (Vaishali) in 599 B.C. Tourist attractions are the Vishwa Shanti Stupa, the Ashokan pillars, and many Buddhist and Jain structures.

Sasaram houses the grand and beautiful mausoleum of Sher Shah, the man known for building the Grand Trunk Road across the whole of North India, that included Pakistan at that time. The mausoleum is located in a beautiful lake and looks like a floating structure. Sasaram is 148 km from Patna.

At a distance of 102 km off Patna, Rajgir is a well-known pilgrimage destination of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism alike. Before Pataliputra (Patna), Rajgir or Rajgriha was the capital of Magadh. The Swarna Gufa, Griddhakuta Parvat, hot springs, and the Vishwa Shanti Stupa are some of the tourist attractions here

Gaya is a Hindu pilgrimage center. Gaya too is easily accessible from Patna at a distance of only 112 km. Gaya houses the Vishnupad (Vishnu footprints) Temple, built by Rani Ahilya Bai of Indore in the 18th century.


Pawapuri, also known as, Apapuri, the sinless town, is a very sacred Jain Pilgrimage tourist center. It is located 38 km from Rajgir and 90 kms from Patna. It was here that Lord Mahavira, the founder of Jainism attained salvation. It is said that the demand for his sacred ashes was so great that a large amount of soil was removed around the funeral pyre creating the lotus –filled tank.

Later on a beautiful temple known as Jalmandir was constructed from white marble in the center of the tank to consecrate the Lord's Nirvana. Lord Mahavira, breathed his last here and was cremated here around 500 B.C. A large number of Jain pilgrims throng here. Samosharan, another Jain temple, is also located here.


Maner Sharif is located twenty-five kilometers on the Danapur-Daltonganj road west of Patna .It is the popular medieval site in Bihar. Some centuries ago it was located at the strategic location on the bank of River Son. Maner enjoys position of one of the chief spiritual centers in India. It is well known in Bihar for its Bari and Choti dargah in the memory of Sufi saint Hazrat Makhdoom Yahya Maneri of the 13th century. It is one of two main centers of the Kubrawiya-Firdausiya sect in India, the other being Biharsharif. Bari Dargah stands within a walled garden on top of a mound that according to some archaeologists conceals an old Buddhist site. It also has a small mosque dating back thirteenth century with the graves of Shaikh Maneri’s disciples and descendants.

The well preserved mausoleum of a later Firdausiya Shaikh, Shah Daulat was built in 1616 by Ibrahim Khan, the Mughal governor of Bihar under Jahangir.It is located some two hundred meters north from Shah Daulat’s mazaar.Also known as Choti Dargah it is built in the Mughal style with extensive Chunar sandstone. With its central dome and four cupolas on the four corners the two-storied Choti Dargah is constructed within a large walled courtyard and garden. Emperor Jahangir added gateway on the north of the mausoleum and the three-bay mosque on the west in the later years. To the south of the A vast water tank, or baoli, is located to the south of the mausoleum.

Maner is also famous for its sweet delicacy ladoos made with pure ghee (clarified butter).

How To Reach Bihar

A natural destination for national and international tourists throughout the year, Bihar is well connected through air and rail services with rest of the country.

Air: All major airlines operate flights directly to Patna.Indian Airlines operates daily flights to, Delhi Kolkata and Ranchi and Lucknow.The office is located next to Hotel Maurya ,Patna.Sahara Air and Air Deccan also has a daily flight from Patna to other cities. Some international flights also operate from Gaya airport. The airport is 7km west of the city centre.

Rail: The railway station is located in the centre of the Patna. It connects the city to all major cities and towns of India. There are direct trains daily for New Delhi, Kolkata, Varanasi, Ranchi and northeastern states like Assam.

Bus: The bus stand has shifted to Mithapur at the outskirt of the Patna city. There are buses to almost all the places within the state and also for Ranchi, Siliguri etc.The fare varies according to the speed of the service. Auto rickshaw- Shared auto rickshaws runs within the city and in most parts of the state. They are cheap and shuttle between different points.

[MOD - most of this is a direct lift from other sites. I haven't the time to sort through which is which, so I've enclosed the lot in quote tags. Main source below]
Awesome description of Bihar... Never knew so much about bihar even though i stay in india
Bihar is historical place of india
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