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Animal Farm





Bengt
Anyone read the book of George Orwell based on the Russian Revolution ?
Great book in my opinion.
gg0mjm
A fantastic book although i believe all the characters are based on Political leaders during the cold war, such depth makes a great book even deeper in my opinion.

If anyone knows the characters the animals represent i would love to know.
Artemis11
Animal farm is one of my favorite book.

The Pigs
  • Napoleon — The pig who becomes the leader of Animal Farm post-Rebellion. Created based on the actions of Joseph Stalin, he uses his military (of nine attack dogs) to cement his power through fear. Napoleon craftily drives out his opponent, Snowball.
  • Snowball — The pig who fights Napoleon for control post-Rebellion. Inspired by Leon Trotsky, Snowball is a passionate intellectual and is far more honest about his motives than Napoleon. Snowball easily wins the loyalty of most of the animals. (Trotsky was driven into exile in Mexico, where he was assassinated.)
  • Squealer — The pig who serves as public speaker. Inspired by Vyacheslav Molotov and the Russian paper Pravda, Squealer twists and abuses the language to excuse, justify and extol Napoleon's actions, no matter how egregious. All his life, George Orwell made it a point to show how politicians used language. Squealer limits the debate by complicating it, and he confuses and disorients, making claims that the pigs need the extra luxury they are taking in order to function properly.
  • Minimus — A poet pig who writes a song about Napoleon, representing admirers of Stalin both inside and outside the USSR such as Maxim Gorky.
  • Old Major — As a fellow socialist, Orwell agreed with some of Karl Marx's politics, and even respected Vladimir Lenin. In fact, the satire in Animal Farm is not of Marxism, or Lenin's revolution, but of the corruption that occurred later. Major, who is based upon both Lenin and Marx, is the inspiration which fuels the rest of the book. Though it is a positive image, Orwell does slip some flaws in Old Major, such as how during his complaints about the abuse of animals he admits that he has been largely free from those terrors.
  • Pinkeye — A small piglet who tastes Napoleon's food for poisoning.
  • Piglets — While not truly noted in the novel, these piglets are hinted to be the children of Napoleon, and are the first generation of animals to actually be subjugated to his idea of animal inequality.



The Humans

  • Mr. Jones — The original owner of Manor Farm. He is probably based on Czar Nicholas II.
  • Mr. Frederick — The tough owner of Pinchfield, a well-kept neighbouring farm. He represents Adolf Hitler.
  • Mr. Pilkington — The easy-going but crafty owner of Foxwood, a neighbouring farm. He represents the western powers, such as Britain and the U.S. The card game at the very end of the novel is a metaphor for the Tehran Conference, where the parties flatter each other, all the while cheating at the game.
  • Mr. Whymper — A human whom Napoleon hires to represent Animal Farm in human society. He is loosely based on George Bernard Shaw who visited the USSR in 1931 and praised what he found.



The Other Animals

  • Boxer — Possibly one of the more popular characters, Boxer is the tragic avatar of the working class, or proletariat: loyal, dedicated, and strong. His major flaw, however, is his blind trust of the leaders and his inability to see corruption. He is used and abused by the pigs as much or more than he was by Jones. His death serves to show just how far the pigs are willing to go. A strong and loyal draft horse, Boxer played a huge part in keeping the Farm together prior to his death. Boxer could also represent a Stakhanovite. His name is a reference to the Boxer Rebellion.
  • Clover — Boxer's close friend, and also a draft horse. She blames herself for forgetting the original Seven Commandments when Squealer revises them. She represents the middle class educated people who acquiesce to the subversion of principles by the powerful.
  • Mollie — A horse who likes wearing ribbons (which represent luxury) and being pampered by humans. She represents upper-class people, the Bourgeoisie who fled from the U.S.S.R after the Russian Revolution.
  • Benjamin — A donkey who is cynical about the revolution. He is said to be inspired by Orwell himself. He represented the skeptical people in and out of Russia who believed that communism would not help the people of Russia
  • Moses — A tame raven who spreads stories of Sugarcandy Mountain, the "animal heaven". These beliefs are denounced by the pigs. Moses represents religion (specifically the Russian Orthodox Church), which has always been in conflict with communism. It is interesting to note that, while Moses initially leaves the farm after the rebellion, he later returns and is supported by the pigs. This represents the cynical use of religion by the state to anaesthetise the minds of the masses.
  • Muriel — A goat who reads the edited commandments. She may represent intelligent labour.
  • Jessie and Bluebell — Two dogs who give birth in Chapter III. Their puppies are nurtured by Napoleon to inspire fear, without doubt representing the formation of the NKVD/KGB.
  • The Hens — Represent the Kulaks, landed peasants persecuted by Stalin.
  • The Dogs — Napoleon's secret police and bodyguards (inspired by Cheka, NKVD, OGPU, MVD)
  • The Sheep — The sheep show the dumb animal following of the proletariats in the midst of the Russian Civil War (“Four legs good, two legs bad!”).
  • The Cat - Shows the unethical, silent rejections of the new order. Unwilling to work and disappears when there is danger.


There ya go, gg0mjm. Smile

*edit* problem in the list, oops
Bengt
tx Artemis11 Very Happy
angelussum
I loved this book. Short, simple, and yet, there's so much in it.

Would definitely recommend this, it's a classic.

1984 is good as well, but I think I liked Animal Farm better.
irkekajo
I can't give a better discription of Animal Farm than Artemis11 just did ;).. but my opinion is, that the book contains a type of fear in the background..

constant tention is the key of this book.
9/10 NME
George Orwell is up there with James Joyce for me, a total genius
djared90
As a matter of fact, I just read this book a couple of months ago. I'd heard about George Orwell's 1984, but hadn't actually read it. When I saw that this book was from the same author, I decided to check it out to see if I liked his style (because it was much shorter). Long story short, I do.
adhoc
I read Animal Farm in high school and it totally freaked me out. I loved it. It then got me started on a bunch of other dystopian stories. 1984, Brave New World, and Fahrenheit 451 are all classics. Anyone know of any decent dystopian movies? I can only think of Equilibrium right now, and I guess I'll see V for Vendetta soon.
kazza
I think Animal Farm is a smart and funny story....in a sense that it portrays certain human stereotypes in the form a an animal. How cute! I never thought it was based on the Russian Revolution...better check up on that. To me, the book seemed to reflect the power of economics in our society and our consciousness. I also got out from the book the sense that labouring for the sake of economic powerhouses is futile. So sad...the animals could have just lazed on the grass and enjoy the country instead of sacrificing their freedom for the sake of the pigs.

The ending of the story really struck me to make myself aware of how gullible and weak humans can be and accept the norm that politicians do make false promises.

Anyways, I have read Brave New World and I'd have to say, the book's depiction and comment on the utopia is interesting and thought provoking. Although I was quite sad of the ending which, I thought, brought no resolution to the story or the situation in the 'utopic' worlds.

A good dystopian film I'd recommend (though not sure if it is) is Serenity which is based on the series Firefly. It's Sci-Fi and is based on a battle between the humble team of the Spaceship, Serenity, and the totalitarian galatic government with an evil plan behind its quest for a utopic society. It's visual imagery is similar to Blade Runner and the visual effects are superb!
CrookedBlaze
We had to anayze this book for AP English...

and I just ****** loved it. Talk about a thinking book. I totally hated the movie, though.
hobbkins
Orwell, imho, is a political genius.

At a time when people believed communism was a viable option for government, he was willing to speak against such regimes and essentially shock the world out of complacency.

All should head his warnings about the dangers of blind devotion, communism, and totalitarianism.

"underneath the chestnut tree, I sold you and you sold me." Wink
gunnarr
yeah i agree. The novel is of course very political but it's also amusing.
CrookedBlaze
We need more writers like him these days.
ignitionnight
I loved this book. It really doesn't get the respect it deserves as an all time classic piece of literature, and it is also an incredibly political and philisophical book as well. I think I am going to read it again.
simpleHalakhah
Artemis11 wrote:
Animal farm is one of my favorite book.

The Pigs
[list][*]Napoleon — The pig who becomes the leader of Animal Farm post-Rebellion. Created based on the actions of Joseph Stalin, he uses his military (of nine attack dogs) to cement his power through fear. Napoleon craftily drives out his opponent, Snowball. [ETC.]


Now, I'm going to reread it, too. Thanks.
whatif
Orwell is an absolute genius. He had his political beliefs in the book without getting too carried away with it. He has great humour.
I read 1984. How I hated it! Well, I didn't exactly hate it, but that book is SICK! I can't stand any book that turns humans into robots. So while I found 1984 thought-provoking, I couldn't stand reading it. Just about the only parts I enjoyed was the "book" explained IngSoc and the appendix.
Dragate
uhg... I read this book for English class. It was pretty messed. They sent Boxer to the glue factory... o.O the pigs were scary. I was actually scared when I read the part when they see the pigs with the humans... That's like the painting of the dogs playing pocker, but imagine it with pigs >>

It wasn't that bad of a book ;p that was just some negative critisism... For waht it's worth, I actually look forward to reading this book in English class ;p I'm such a nerd...
whatif
angelussum wrote:
1984 is good as well, but I think I liked Animal Farm better.



Discussing 1984...
Here's my theory.
There is an IngSoc Party. Orwell somehow found out about it and wrote a book on it. I do not think he knew the gravity of the sin he had committed.
The book was published in 1948/9. Orwell died in 1950. See the connection?
Now, the IngSoc isn't stupid. They couldn't come out in the open with the book published. So they thought of a new plan.
They had to get 85% of the population to become "proles." Since information was getting more and more available to the general public, and they had more time to worry about things other that their basic necessities, they had to find a way to distract the people from anything important.
It is unknown who got this great idea, but someone did. They decided to get the world interested in the lives of pop culture celebrities.
The plan worked out better than anyone dared to imagine.
And now we wait for Big Brother...
igor123d
I love Orwell's works and specifically Animal Farm. This author has an excellent grasp of human psychology and how it pertains to politics and utopias. He also has a superb ability to convey his thoughts through great literary works that have achieved enormous popularity and respect among a wide variety of readers.
Dalector
I've seen it in a play it was realy great, I think Orwell made a brilliant criticism of the communism.
vexation
I've read both Animal Farm and 1984, and personally 1984 was the better book. Both were excellent though, Orwell IS a genius, but I'm just fascinated by robots. I would like to read more books by him(especially Down and Out in Paris and London) b/c those two are the only ones I have read.

whatif wrote:
angelussum wrote:
1984 is good as well, but I think I liked Animal Farm better.



Discussing 1984...
Here's my theory.
There is an IngSoc Party. Orwell somehow found out about it and wrote a book on it. I do not think he knew the gravity of the sin he had committed.
The book was published in 1948/9. Orwell died in 1950. See the connection?
Now, the IngSoc isn't stupid. They couldn't come out in the open with the book published. So they thought of a new plan.
They had to get 85% of the population to become "proles." Since information was getting more and more available to the general public, and they had more time to worry about things other that their basic necessities, they had to find a way to distract the people from anything important.
It is unknown who got this great idea, but someone did. They decided to get the world interested in the lives of pop culture celebrities.
The plan worked out better than anyone dared to imagine.
And now we wait for Big Brother...


I hope that your theory is wrong. I just do, no offense. It's a well thought out idea and all, but its scary. And the fact that they got the world interested in the lives of celebrities just scares the crap out of me. It's just too...feasible to even be imagined
Bmucha
The storyline of "Animal Farm" does seem to have taken many clues from the history of on Soviet revolution (it's pretty safe to say the two main pigs are styled after Stalin and the exiled Trotsky), but it's more general than just an anti-Soviet propaganda piece. Unfortunately, we humans tend to behave quite swinely (is this a word?!), given the chance. Orwell shows this in an entertaining, but also thought-provoking way.
foodman
this is one of the greatest books ever written, i thouhgt i knew alot about the book, but i guess i didnt because i had no idea that it was about the russian revolution. this is ione hell of a book and its so true.
rshanthakumar
Forget the communism; forget the politics it is trying to portray. I felt that animal farm is a reflection of the way we lead our lives in many ways. It seem to say that some of us are like the good old horse slogging itself to death and we patronise beings like the pigs. To say that these things happen in communistic countries only is again a joke. It is happening everywhere. Exploitation of your friends or neighbours; the weak; in all ways, mentally, physically and economically. All these are happening everywhere around us. What we do is, we shut our eyes and try to see what is good to us or told to us as good.

I felt that he was writing about every society. I could close my eyes and think of every one of the characters in our daily life. Try it yourself, you will find some one like those characters in your office too.!!??
xender
I didnt really like it but that is probably because I was forced to read it in class. but i did like the movie.
Dean_The_Great
Animal Farm is amazing. Read it for the first time in Grade seven (also my introduction to the concept of Communism) and I loved it then. I've re-read the novel on many occasions since then and I've got to say it's brilliant. George Orwell has an incredibly multi-faceted writing style, and the way he incorporates the political allegory is most amazing.

Choice book 5/5.
Mrs Lycos
I just love the way everything is Snowball's fault... and Napoleon, nice, I called my cat after him....lol

What I like about 1984 is the way language is changed, for example the word "freedom" dissappears from the language, so that next generations will not know how to express that idea, talk about it, least of all try to fight for it.

Do you remember any other language changes? I think I have to reread it.
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