Dinajpur District surrounded by Thakugaon and Panchagarh in the north, Gaibandha and Joypurhat in the south, Nilphamari and Rangpur in the east, and the state of West Bengal, India in the west. The total area of the district is 3437.98 Km square.
Birampur Upazila, Birganj, Biral Upazila, Bochaganj Upazila, Chirirbandar Upazila, Phulbari Upazila,Ghoraghat Upazila, Hakimpur Upazila, Kaharole Upazila, Khansama Upazila, Dinajpur Sadar Upazila, Nawabganj, Parbatipur Upazila.
Total Population of Dinajpur is 2.6 million, amongst them 51.12% are male and 48.88% are female. Muslim is 76.65%, Hindu is 20.58%, Christian is 0.80%, Buddhist is 0.11% and other 1.86%.
60% people are literate in Dinajpur. 34.7% male are educated while female education rate is 19.5%.
The principal occupation of the people of the district is cultivation.
Part of Pundravardhana
Dinajpur was once a part of the ancient state of Pundravardhana. It was located 11 miles south of Dinajpur town. The British administrative control in Dinajpur was established in 1786.
Part of West Bengal
At the time of Partition of Bengal in 1947, part of greater Dinajpur district was included in West Bengal and it was named West Dinajpur district.
Contribution in 1971
Dinajpur People had a great significant contribution in the War of Liberation of 1971. Most of the people of Dinajpur take part in Liberation War.
The district of Dinajpur lies north of the Tropic of Cancer, and its climate approximates more to that of Bihar (India) than to that of the eastern districts of Bangladesh. The winter season may be said to set in early in November and to continue until the end of February. Although in a normal year the days begin to be hot towards the later part of February, the nights begin to be hot towards the latter part of February; the nights remain cool until well into April. The summer season begins with strong westerly winds around the beginning of March and continues up to early June. The west is the prevailing wind till about the middle of April. The climate during the summer is by no means unbearable. From June, the rainy season begins and continues till the end of September or beginning of October. The heaviest rain usually falls in June, July, August and September. From the middle of October, the nights become appreciably cooler, though the days remain hot for some time longer. During the winter season, days are bright and sunny and the atmosphere clear. Dinajpur is the coldest district in Bangladesh and so sometimes in January fires are necessary.
People of Dinajpur do not like t move outside the district, even temporarily to seek other means of livelihood. Moreover, they are nostalgic to a degree and unless very hard pressed they do not leave their homes. Seasonal migration from other districts during the harvest time and for making bricks in the kilns is not an uncommon sight
an eighteenth century brick temple, situated in the peaceful island hamlet of Kantanagar, about 12 miles north of Dinajpur town, and about a mile west of Dinajpur-Tetulia highway across the Dhepa river. It has gained eminence as an outstanding monument in Bengal for its fabulous terracotta embellishment. This nava-ratna or 'nine spire' Hindu temple, now stripped off its original nine spires atop its corners during the devastating earthquake of 1897, exhibits the exuberance of TERRACOTTA ART at its best in Bangladesh. Maharaja Prannath of Dinajpur began its construction about 1722.
During the late Mughal period, this region was then called as "Havelee of Panjara", a holy man named Kasi, a Brahmachari was preaching about Shri Krishna, won the hearts of the local people and earned an innumerable wealth. Although he did not get married, he left all his estate to one of his disciple Srimanta Datta Choudhuri who was the early founder of Dinajpur Raj family by his blood. He made The Rajbari in 1563.
Shopnopuri amusement park:
There is an artificial amusement park in Dinajpur, 70 km away from the city. Everyday lots of people visit that place.
Dinajpur is famous for rice production, Especially for Katharivogh rice. Dinajpure also Produced Dinajpur is also rich with wheat production.
The Lychee (fruit) of Dinajpur is the best of Bangladesh. Dinajpur is also famous for its Mangoes. "Kosba" is called the matrix of mango. Also it grows a plenty of vegetables and seasonal fruits.
The principal occupation of the people of the district is cultivation, Persons in business, trade, professions, or government services form a very small percentage of the population. Unlike other districts of the province, the pressure of population on land is not high and the people in general are not in want of food; they do not like t move outside the district, even temporarily to seek other means of livelihood. Moreover, they are nostalgic to a degree and unless very hard pressed they do not leave their homes. Seasonal migration from other districts during the harvest time and for making bricks in the kilns is not an uncommon sight. There is practically no skilled labor or professional class here. As they have fewer works, they have little inclination to exert themselves fully. Lack of initiative appears to be such a noticeable characteristic of the people that administrators and other well-wishers of the district have been making pointed remarks about it for a considerable time. The hours of work and rest among them are not precisely fixed, but usually they go out to the field early in the morning and take a long nap in the afternoon. Women and children also work both at home and in the field when occasion demands.
Music and Dance
A section of the people of the district is lovers of music, both instrumental and vocal. The musical instruments include dhol, kartal, ektara, modal, flute, harmonium and table. They also enjoy with great enthusiasm jatragan, kavigan, and other folksongs. The people have a great liking for bhawaiya songs, which with their great emotional notes move the hearts of the simple village folk. Dance as a social form of entertainment is common among the aboriginals. Even the girls and young women of Hindu and Muslim families take part in dance and frolicsome music arranged during marriage ceremonies.
Festivals, Fairs and Melas
Dinajpur is well known for its fairs and melas which are held throughout the winter and spring months. Brisk business in clothes, hosiery, stationery, trinkets and fancy goods are also made and the traders reap a rich harvest in these fairs, as the villagers are only too eager to buy things rarely found in their locality. Arrangements for circus, carnival and dramatic performances are also made in these fairs for the entertainment of the visitors who have fortnight of spree in buying and merry-making. At kantanagar, where there is a temple of great architectural beauty, a mela is held in honour of kantaji, a Hindu god, and thousands of Hindus assemble there to offer puja. The names of the most notable melas are given below; (1)Cheradangi, (2) Dhukarjhari, (3) Fasiladanga, (4) Katla Mela, (5) Chintaman (6) Kantanagar etc.
Some people say that North Bengal is the area of Monga. Monga means insecurity of foods. The economy of Dinajpur is Economy based. Most of the people of Dinajpur is farmer. In past, people work seasonally. At the time of rice, they produced rice and after that they had no work. For this reason sometime they affected by Monga. Now people produce different type of crops in different seasons. At the present people dont suffer by Monga.
Some people also say that the people of Dinajpur are lazy. It had the same reason. People worked seasonally in past and they passed a big time without work. Thats why people say that. But now people work in all seasons. So at present we cant say that people of Dinajpur is Lazy.