Hi my folks! How u doin'?
So, I got a new router. My old DLink DI-524 seemed to begin throotling my speed. When I got my modem plugged directly in my network card, then my speed topped the value provided my the ISP.
So I got a Belkin 300N, which is supposed to offer a 300Mbps speed.
Here @ home I have my desktop (this one) and two notebooks. The desktop is wired, while the notebooks use the wireless conection. Looking at the tray icon, I see the current speed in the LAN is 100Mbps, while in one of the notebooks keeps varying from 65 to 130, but no intermediary values; it is OR 65, OR 130Mbps.
Question 1: how to put it to work @ 300Mbps so I can transfer files faster between them? Or this n00bage is so serious I'm not realizing 300 is the maximum speed to be shared between the three?
Also, I use FTP to transfer files, which I find easier. The default gateway's (router) ip address is 192.168.2.1. The desktop, the second point, is 192.168.2.2, the netbook is 192.168.2.3 and the notebook is 192.168.2.4. These ips were assigned by the router.
I can connect and transfer files between .2 and .3 via FTP, but can't access .4 from .2 inside FileZilla, but the opposite I can (access the desktop, .2, from the notebook, .4). Dropbox also works (a sync utility). But I can't also access .4 from .2 with RDP. However .2 is accessible from .4 via remote desktop.
I'd like to give plain access between all the three machines for all possible usages: FTP, direct file navigation in Windows Explorer, Dropbox, LAN games, RDP, and with the maximum possible speed.
What to do?
Does your laptop/whatever support n-spec?
|Hogwarts wrote: |
|Does your laptop/whatever support n-spec? |
What are you talking about?
There are different types of WiFi; or different specifications.
n-spec is the latest; it's the fast one. a, b and g-specs are older, but still in widespread use.
While your new access point might support n-spec, the WiFi device in your laptop may only support b/g-spec. What does this mean? The connection will fall back to using the older g-spec.
b-spec is 11Mb/s. g-spec is 54Mb/s. n-spec is 300Mb/s.
What model laptop do you have?
Ah sorry! I didn't know you were talking about "Wireless N", which is how I know it
The router supports N-spec obviously, and the desktop is wired, so this shouldn't apply to it. It is Toshiba Satellite P305 S8904. And yes, it supports n-spec! http://us.toshiba.com/computers/laptops/satellite/P300/P305-S8904
If you move the laptop to increase it's reception to the AP, does the value change significantly? Also, does the Belkin 300N have any option for 'channel bonding'? I'd hope so, given it's name. Look through it's configuration mishmash to see if there's options with names similar to that.
Err, I think it doesn't have the "channel bonding" thing. I searched with Ctrl+F both the glossary and the extra help inside the router page... so here they are, please have a Ctrl+F too so you can find any eventual similar term ou synonym:
GLOSSARY OF TERMS
Administrator An administrator performs the service of maintaining a network. In the case of this Router, the person who sets up the Router and makes changes to the settings.
Client A computer on the network that uses the services of the Router, such as the automatic DHCP server and Firewall.
DDNS The DDNS service is very useful when combined with the "Virtual Server" feature (or DMZ feature). It allows Internet users to connect to your Virtual Servers (or DMZ PC) using a URL, rather than an IP Address.
DHCP Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. This protocol automatically configures the TCP/IP settings of every computer on your home network.
Dial-Up A connection which uses the public telephone network.
DMZ A virtual zone in the router that is not protected by the Router's firewall. One computer can be placed in the DMZ.
DNS Server Address DNS stands for Domain Name System, which allows Internet host computers to have a domain name (such as belkin.com) and one or more IP addresses (such as 192.34.45.. A DNS server keeps a database of host computers and their respective domain names and IP addresses, so that when a domain name is requested (as in typing "belkin.com" into your Internet browser), the user is sent to the proper IP address. The DNS server address used by the computers on your home network is the location of the DNS server your ISP has assigned.
DSL Modem DSL stands for Digital Subscriber Line. A DSL modem uses your existing phone lines to transmit data at high speeds.
Dynamic IP An IP address that is automatically obtained from a DHCP server.
Ethernet A standard for computer networks. Ethernet networks are connected by special cables and hubs, and move data around at up to 10 million bits per second (Mbps).
Firewall An electronic boundary that prevents unauthorized users from accessing certain files or computers on a network.
Firmware Software stored in memory. Essential programs that remain even when the system is turned off. Firmware is easier to change than hardware but more permanent than software stored on a disk.
IP Address IP stands for Internet Protocol. An IP address consists of a series of four numbers separated by periods, that identifies an single, unique Internet computer host. Example: 126.96.36.199.
ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network. Digital telecommunications lines that can transmit both voice and digital network services up to 128K, and are much faster and more reliable than high-speed analog modems. ISDN lines are offered by many telephone companies.
ISP Internet Service Provider. An ISP is a business that provides connectivity to the Internet for individuals and other businesses or organizations.
ISP Gateway Address (see ISP for definition). The ISP Gateway Address is an IP address for the Internet router located at the IS's office. This address is required only when using a cable or DSL modem.
LAN Local Area Network. A LAN is a group of computers and devices connected together in a relatively small area (such as a house or an office). Your home network is considered a LAN.
MAC Address MAC stands for Media Access Control. A MAC address is the hardware address of a device connected to a network.
MTU Maximum Transmission Unit. The largest unit of data that can be transmitted on any particular physical medium.
NAT Network Address Translation. This process allows all of the computers on your home network to use one IP address. Using the NAT capability of the HomeConnect home network gateway, you can access the Internet from any computer on your home network without having to purchase more IP addresses from your ISP.
Port A logical channel that is identified by its unique port number. Applications listen on specific ports for information that may be related to it.
PPPoE Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet. Point-to-Point Protocol is a method of secure data transmission originally created for dial-up connections; PPPoE is for Ethernet connections.
SNTP Simple Network Time Protocol. A communication standard that allows for the transmission of real time information over a network or the Internet.
SPI Stateful Packet Inspection. SPI is the type of corporate-grade Internet security provided by your HomeConnect home network gateway. Using SPI, the gateway acts as a "firewall", protecting your network from computer hackers.
Static IP An IP address that is manually configured and never changes.
Subnet Mask A subnet mask, which may be a part of the TCP/IP information provided by your ISP, is a set of four numbers configured like an IP address. It is used to create IP address numbers used only within a particular network (as opposed to valid IP address numbers recognized by the Internet, which must assigned by InterNIC).
TCP Transmission Control Protocol. The most common Internet transport layer protocol. TCP is connection-oriented and stream-oriented, and provides for reliable communication over packet-switched networks.
TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol over Internet Protocol. This is the standard protocol for data transmission over the Internet.
UDP User Datagram Protocol. Communications protocol for the Internet network layer, transport layer, and session layer, which makes it possible to send a datagram message from one computer to an application running in another computer. Unlike TCP, UDP is connectionless and does not guarantee reliable communication; the application itself must process any errors and check for reliable delivery.
WAN Wide Area Network. A network that connects computers located in geographically separate areas, (i.e., different buildings, cities, countries). The Internet is a wide area network.
WAN IP Address The IP address assigned to the router by the ISP.
WLAN Wireless Local Area Network. A local area network that connects computers close together via radio (such as 802.11b)
The "IP address" is the Internal IP address of the Router. To access the advanced setup interface, type this IP address into the address bar of your browser. This address can be changed if needed. To Change the IP address, type in the new IP address and click "Apply Changes". The IP address you choose should be a non-routable IP. Examples of a non-routable IP are:
192.168.x.z (where x is anything between 0 and 255, z is anything between 1 and 254.)
10.x.x.z (where x is anything between 0 and 255, z is anything between 1 and 254.)
172.y.x.z (where y is anything from 16 to 31, x is anything between 0 and 255, z is anything between 1 and 254.)
ADVANCED FEATURE!There is no need to change the subnet mask. It is possible to change the subnet mask if necessary. Only make changes to the Subnet Mask if you specifically have a reason to do so.
DNS is an acronym for Domain Name Server. A Domain Name Server is a server located on the Internet that translates URL(Uniform Resource Locator) like www.belkin.com to IP addresses. Many ISP's do not require you to enter this information into the Router. The "Automatic from ISP" checkbox should be checked if your ISP did not give you a specific DNS address. If you are using a Static IP connection type, then you may need to enter a specific DNS address and secondary DNS address for your connection to work properly. If your connection type is Dynamic or PPPoE, it is likely that you do not have to enter a DNS address. To enter the DNS address settings, uncheck the "Automatic from ISP" checkbox and enter your DNS entries in the spaces provided. Click "Apply Changes" to save the settings.
DDNS (Dynamic DNS) is a service which allows you to associate a Domain Name with this Router, even though your Internet IP address is not fixed. This Router includes a DDNS client, which will notify supported DDNS Service providers of your current Internet IP address. The DDNS service will then update the DNS records (see DNS explanation above) with your current IP address. The end result is that other Internet users can access your Virtual Servers using a Domain Name instead of an IP address.
To use DDNS, you must first create an account with a supported DDNS service and obtain a Domain Name from them, then configure this Router. If your DDNS Service provides software to advise the DDNS server of your current IP address, you should NOT use this software. This Router will perform that task.
The DHCP server function makes setting up a network very easy by assigning IP addresses to each computer on the network. The DHCP Server can be turned off if necessary. Turning off the DHCP server will require you to manually set a Static IP address in each computer on your network. The IP pool is the range of IP addresses set aside for dynamic assignment to the computers on your network. The default is 2-100 (99 computers) if you want to change this number, you can by entering a new starting and ending IP address and clicking on "Apply Changes".
Local Domain Name
You can set a local domain name (network name) for your network. There is no need to change this setting unless you have a specific advanced need to do so. You can name the network anything you want such as "MY NETWORK".
A dynamic connection type is the most common connection type found with cable modems. Setting the connection type to dynamic in many cases is enough to complete the connection to your ISP. Some dynamic connection types may require a Host Name. You can enter your Host Name in the space provided if you were assigned one. Your Host Name is assigned by your ISP. Some dynamic connections may require that you clone the MAC address of the PC that was originally connected to the modem. To do so, click on the "Change WAN MAC address" link in the screen. The Internet Status indicator will read "Connected" if your Router is set up properly.
A Static IP address connection type is less common than other connection types. If your ISP uses static IP addressing, you will need your IP address, Subnet Mask, and ISP gateway address. This information is available from your ISP or on the paperwork that your ISP left with you. Type in your information then click "Apply Changes". After you apply the changes, the Internet Status indicator will read "Connected" if your Router is set up properly.
Most DSL providers use PPPoE as the connection type. If you use a DSL modem to connect to the Internet, your ISP may use PPPoE to log you into the service. If you have an Internet connection in your home or small office that doesn't require a modem, you may also use PPPoE.
Your connection type is PPPoE if:
1) Your ISP gave you a user name and password which is required to connect to the Internet
2) Your ISP gave you software such as WinPOET, Enternet300 that you use to connect to the Internet
3) You have to double-click on a desktop Icon other than your browser to get on the Internet
To set the Router to use PPPoE, type in your User Name and Password in the spaces provided. If you do not have a Service Name or do not know it, leave the Service Name field blank. After you have typed in your information, click "Apply Changes". After you apply the changes, the Internet Status indicator will read "Connected" if your Router is set up properly. For more details on configuring your Router to use PPPoE, see the user manual.
[Japan Only] Please select either "East Japan", "West Japan", or "Manual" first from the Sub-Session and click "Next" then typed in all your necessary login information, click "Apply Changes". After you apply the changes, the router will check if there are packets triggered domains, and start PPPoE dial-up. If your Router is set up properly the Internet, the status indicator will read as "Connected".
Some ISPs require a connection using PPTP protocol. This sets up a direct connection to the ISP's system. Type in the information provided by your ISP in the space provided. When you have finished, click "Apply Changes". After you apply the changes, the Internet Status indicator will read "Connected" if your Router is set up properly.
Some ISPs require a connection using L2TP protocol. This sets up a direct connection to the ISP's system. Type in the information provided by your ISP in the space provided. When you have finished, click "Apply Changes". After you apply the changes, the Internet Status indicator will read "Connected" if your Router is set up properly.
Multi-PPP over Ethernet
WAN Type is MultiSession PPPoE. This WAN type supports multiple PPPoE sessions. With properly configuration of each session, this router can transmit the packets through the correct PPPoE connection. Besides, PPPoE Session 1 will be treated as the master session. The packets which are not matched to the other PPPoE Sessions will be directed to the master session. If the WAN type is not correct, change it!
The MTU setting should never be changed unless your ISP gives you a specific MTU setting. Making changes to the MTU setting can cause problems with your Internet connection including disconnection from the Internet, slow Internet access and problems with Internet applications working properly.
Disconnect after X...
The Disconnect feature is used to automatically disconnect the router from your ISP when there is no activity for a specified period of time. For instance, placing a checkmark next to this option and entering 5 into the minute field will cause the router to disconnect from the Internet after 5 minutes of no Internet activity. This option should be used if you pay for your Internet service by the minute.
MAC is an acronym for Media Access Controller. All network components including cards, adapters, and routers, have a unique "serial number" called a MAC address. Your ISP may record the MAC address of your computer's adapter and only let that particular computer connect to the Internet service. When you install the router, the Router's own MAC address will be "seen" by the ISP and may cause the connection not to work. Belkin has provided the ability to clone (copy) the MAC address of the computer into the router. This MAC address, in turn, will be seen by the ISP's system as the original MAC address and will allow the connection to work. If you are not sure if your ISP needs to see the original MAC address, simply clone the MAC address of the computer that was originally connected to the modem. Cloning the address will not cause any problems with your network.
To Clone your MAC address, make sure that you are using the computer which was ORIGINALLY CONNECTED to your modem before the Router was installed. Click the "Clone" button. Click "Apply Changes". Your MAC address is now cloned to the router.
Channel and SSID
To change the channel of operation of the Router, select the desired channel from the drop-down menu. Click "Apply Changes" to save the setting. You can also change the SSID. The SSID is the equivalent to the wireless network's name. You can make the SSID anything you want to. If there are other wireless networks in your area, you should give your wireless network a unique name. The default is Belkin_N1_xxxxxx. To change the SSID, click inside of the SSID box and type in a new name. Click "Apply Changes" to make the change.
It is possible to make your wireless network nearly invisible. By turning off the broadcast of the SSID, your network will not appear in a site survey. Site Survey is a feature of many wireless network adapters on the market today. It will scan the "air" for any available network and allow the computer to select the network from the site survey. Turning off the broadcast of the SSID will help increase security.
Use as Access Point
When using the Router as an Access Point, you must specify an IP address for the Access Point. This IP address must fall into the same range as the network that you will be connecting it to. To access the advanced setup interface of the Router again, type in the IP address in the web browser and login.
NOTE: In most situations, best performance (throughput) is achieved with Protected Mode OFF. If you are operating in an environment with HEAVY 802.11b traffic or interference, best performance may be achieved with Protected Mode ON.
Enabling Turbo Mode allows the Router or Access Point to use Frame Bursting to get the maximum throughput from the Router or Access Point to 802.11g clients. Turbo mode will work with 802.11g clients that support Turbo Mode. Belkin 802.11g Clients using the latest driver will support Turbo Mode. Clients that do not support Turbo Mode will operate normally if Turbo Mode is enabled.
Quality of Service (QoS) refers to the capability of a network to provide better service to selected network traffic. The primary goal of QoS is to provide priority including dedicated bandwidth, controlled jitter and latency (required by some real-time and interactive traffic), and improved loss characteristics. Also important is making sure that providing priority for one or more flows does not make other flows fail. QoS technologies provide the elemental building blocks that will be used for future business applications in campus, WAN, and service provider networks.
This function will allow you to route external (Internet) calls for services such as a web server (port 80), FTP server (Port 21), or other applications through your Router to your internal network. Since your internal computers are protected by a firewall, machines from the Internet cannot get to them because they cannot be 'seen'. If you need to configure the Virtual Server function for a specific application, a list of common applications has been provided. If your application is not listed, you will need to contact the application vendor to find out which port settings you need. To select from the provided list, select your application from the drop-down list. Select the row that you want to copy the settings to from the drop-down list next to "to row", then click "Enter". The settings will be transferred to the row you specified. Click "Apply Changes" to save the setting for that application. To manually enter settings, enter the IP address in the space provided for the internal (server) machine, the port(s) required to pass (use a comma between multiple ports), select the port type (TCP or UDP) and click "Apply Changes". You can only pass one port per internal IP address. Opening ports in your firewall can pose a security risk. You can enable and disable settings very quickly. It is recommended that you disable the settings when you are not using a specific application.
MAC Address Filtering
The MAC Address Filter is a powerful security feature that allows you to specify which computers are allowed on the network. Any computer attempting to access the network that is not specified in the filter list will be denied access. When you enable this feature, you must enter the MAC address of each client on your network to allow network access to each. The "Block" feature lets you turn on and off access to the network easily for any computer without having to add and remove the computer's MAC address from the list. To enable this feature, select "Enable MAC Address Filtering". Next, enter the MAC address of each computer on your network by clicking "Add" and entering the MAC address in the space provided. Click "Apply Changes" to save the settings. To delete a MAC address from the list, simply click "Delete" next to the MAC address you wish to delete. Click "Apply Changes" to save the settings.
Note: you will not be able to delete the MAC address of the computer you are using to access the Router's administrative functions. (The computer you are using now).
Client IP filters
The Router can be configured to restrict access to the Internet, e-mail or other network services at specific days and times. Restriction can be set for a single computer, a range of computers, or multiple computers. To restrict Internet access to a single computer for example, enter the IP address of the computer you wish to restrict access to in the IP fields. Next enter 80 and 80 in the Port fields. Select TCP. Select Block. You can also select Always to block access all of the time. Select the day to start on top, the time to start on top, the day to end on the bottom and the time to stop on the bottom. Click "Apply Changes". The computer at the IP address you specified will now be blocked from Internet access at the times you specified. Note: be sure you have selected the correct time zone under Utilities> System Settings> Time Zone.
The DMZ feature allows you to specify one computer on your network to be placed outside of the NAT firewall. This may be necessary if the NAT feature is causing problems with an application such as a game or video conferencing application. Use this feature on a temporary basis. The computer in the DMZ is not protected from hacker attacks. To put a computer in the DMZ, enter the last digits of its IP address in the IP field and select "Enable". Click "Apply Changes" for the change to take effect.
Block ICMP Ping
Computer hackers use what is known as "Pinging" to find potential victims on the Internet. By pinging a specific IP address and receiving a response from the IP address, a hacker can determine that something of interest might be there. The Router can be set up so it will not respond to an ICMP Ping from the outside. This heightens the level of security of your Router. To turn off the ping response, select "Block ICMP Ping" and click "Apply Changes". The router will not respond to an ICMP ping.
The Router ships with NO password entered. If you wish to add a password for more security, you can set a password here. Keep your password in a safe place, as you will need this password if you need to log into the router in the future. It is also recommended that you set a password if you plan to use the Remote management feature of this Router.
The login timeout option allows you to set the period of time that you can be logged into the Router's advanced setup interface. The timer starts when there has been no activity. For example, you have made some changes in the advanced setup interface, then left your computer alone without clicking "Logout". Assuming the timeout is set to 10 minutes, then 10 minutes after you leave, the login session will expire. You will have to login to the router again to make any more changes. The login timeout option is for security purposes and the default is set to 10 minutes. As a note, only one computer can be logged into the Router's advanced setup interface at one time.
Time and Time Zone
The Router keeps time by connecting to a Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) server. This allows the Router to synchronize the system clock to the global Internet. The synchronized clock in the Router is used to record the security log and control client filtering. Select the time zone that you reside in. If you reside in an area that observes Daylight Saving, then place a checkmark in the box next to "Enable Daylight Saving". The system clock may not update immediately. Allow at least 15 minutes for the router to contact the time servers on the Internet and get a response. You cannot set the clock yourself.
Before you enable this function,MAKE SURE YOU HAVE SET THE ADMINISTRATOR PASSWORD. Remote management allows you to make changes to your Router's settings from anywhere on the Internet. There are two methods of remotely managing the router. The first method is to allow access to the router from anywhere on the Internet by selecting "Any IP address can remotely manage the router". By typing in your WAN IP address from any computer on the Internet, you will be presented with a login screen where you need to type in the password of your router. The Second method is to allow a specific IP address only to remotely manage the router. This is more secure, but less convenient. To use this method, enter the IP address you know you will be accessing the Router from in the space provided and select "Only this IP address can remotely manage the Router". Before you enable this function, it is STRONGLY RECOMMENDED that you set your administrator password. Leaving the password empty will potentially open your router to intrusion.
UPnP (Universal Plug-and-Play) is a technology that offers seamless operation of voice messaging, video messaging, games, and other applications that are UPnP compliant. Some applications require the Router's firewall to be configured in a specific way to operate properly. This usually requires opening TCP and UDP ports and in some instances setting trigger ports. An application that is UPnP compliant has the ability to communicate with the Router, basically "telling" the Router which way it needs the firewall configured. The Router ships with the UPnP feature enabled. If you are using any applications that are UPnP compliant, and wish to take advantage of the UPnP features, you can enable the UPnP feature. Simply select "Enable" in the "UPnP Enabling" section of the Utilities page. Click "Apply Changes" to save the change.
Automatic Firmware Update Notification
The Router has the capability built-in to automatically check for a new version of firmware and alert you that the new firmware is available. When you log into the Router advanced interface, the router will perform a check to see if new firmware is available. If new firmware is available, you will be notified. You can choose to download the new version or ignore it. The router ships with this feature disabled. If you want to enable it, select "Enable" and click "Apply Changes".
Using Encryption can help secure your wireless network. Only one type of security may be selected at a time. Therefore the customer must select a mode that is supported on all network devices on the wireless network. This Belkin product has 4 possible Security settings:
Disabled. No encryption is enabled in this mode. Open networks where all users are welcome sometimes prefer to not enable encryption.
WPA/WPA2-Personal(PSK). WPA means Wireless Protected Access. WPA/WPA2-Personal PSK is a recent standards-based security technique where each packet of information is encrypted with a different code, or key. Since the key is constantly changing, WPA/WPA2 is very secure. The encryption key is generated automatically from a string of characters called the Pass Phrase or the Pre-shared Key (PSK). Obviously the biggest security risk in WPA is if someone finds out your Pass Phrase.
Authentication - Select the method supported by all clients.
WPA-PSK uses TKIP encryption.
WPA2-PSK uses AES encryption.
WPA-PSK + WPA2-PSK allows clients to use either WPA-PSK (with TKIP encryption) or WPA2-PSK (with AES encryption).
Encryption Technique - WPA-PSK always uses TKIP encryption. WPA2-PSK always uses AES encryption. WPA-PSK + WPA2-PSK uses TKIP + AES.
Pre-shared Key (PSK) - All clients must use the same PSK. The key must be between 8 and 63 characters long and can include spaces and symbols, or 64 Hex (0-F) only. Watch out for upper and lower case differences ("n" is different than "N".) Remember, the easiest way to break your security is for someone to guess your PSK.
128-bit WEP. Until recently, 128-bit WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) was the standard for wireless encryption. If not all of your wireless devices support WPA, 128bit WEP still offers a very good security option. It will require you to enter hex digits (0~9, A~F), or else generate the keys by using the PassPhrase/Generate option.
64-bit WEP. This is similar to 128-bit WEP, but not as powerful. Belkin only recommends 64-bit mode on networks where some devices do not support either WPA or 128-bit WEP.