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Argentina's Dirty War 1976-1981





deanhills
Does anyone know more about the Dirty War in Argentina? It is said that about 30,000 people disappeared during the military junta of Jorge Rafael Videla. What concerns me is how difficult and long it took to bring those responsible for the attrocities to justice. They only really started with full-blown Government investigations in 2005 following also a pardon by President Menem in 1990, which cleared the convicted Generals. One good thing though is that the people who were fighting for justice, never gave up, even as late as 2008.

Quote:
Martínez de Perón was ousted in 1976. Starting that year, the juntas led by Videla until 1981, and then by Roberto Viola and Leopoldo Galtieri, were responsible for the illegal arrest, torture, killing or forced disappearance of thousands of people, primarily trade-unionists, students and activists. Videla's dictatorship referred to its systematized persecution of the Argentine citizenry as the "National Reorganization Process".

Up to 30,000 people "disappeared" during this time. Argentine security forces and death squads worked hand in hand with other South American dictatorships in the frame of Operation Condor. The democratic government that took office in 1983 prosecuted these crimes and made the unprecedent (and only Latin American example) Trial of the Juntas. Furthermore, in 2006 an Argentine court condemn the 1970s government's crimes as crimes against humanity and "genocide".

Quote:
In 1985, Videla was sentenced to life imprisonment at the military prison of Magdalena. However, on 29 December 1990, President Carlos Menem pardoned Videla and other convicted generals. In 1998, Videla received a prison sentence for his role in the kidnapping of eleven children during the regime and for the forgery of the children's identity documents (the "stolen babies", kidnapped from the parents arrested, and raised by military families). Videla is currently serving this sentence under house arrest.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dirty_war

During 2005, President Menem's pardon was revoked following which trials have been ongoing. Last one being in 2008, when Luciano Benjamín Menéndez was convicted, however at the very old age of 81:
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/25/world/americas/25argentina.html?_r=1
Kopernikus
That´s a "me too" post Smile
I´d be very interested in the opinion of argentinian readers about this.
slashnburn99
i remember there was a war in the falkland islands around 1981

cant remember why
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