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History of Internet .)





rouqe
Quote:
Before the widespread internetworking that led to the Internet, most communication networks were limited by their nature to only allow communications between the stations on the network, and the prevalent computer networking method was based on the central mainframe computer model. Several research programs began to explore and articulate principles of networking between separate physical networks, leading to the development of the packet switching model of digital networking. These research efforts included those of the laboratories of Donald Davies (NPL), Paul Baran (RAND Corporation), and Leonard Kleinrock's MIT and UCLA.The research led to the development of several packet-switched networking solutions in the late 1960s and 1970s,[1] including ARPANET and the X.25 protocols. Additionally, public access and hobbyist networking systems grew in popularity, including unix-to-unix copy (UUCP) and FidoNet. They were however still disjointed separate networks, served only by limited gateways between networks. This led to the application of packet switching to develop a protocol for inter-networking, where multiple different networks could be joined together into a super-framework of networks. By defining a simple common network system, the Internet protocol suite, the concept of the network could be separated from its physical implementation. This spread of inter-network began to form into the idea of a global inter-network that would be called 'The Internet', and this began to quickly spread as existing networks were converted to become compatible with this. This spread quickly across the advanced telecommunication networks of the western world, and then began to penetrate into the rest of the world as it became the de-facto international standard and global network. However, the disparity of growth led to a digital divide that is still a concern today.

Following commercialisation and introduction of privately run Internet Service Providers in the 1980s, and its expansion into popular use in the 1990s, the Internet has had a drastic impact on culture and commerce. This includes the rise of near instant communication by e-mail, text based discussion forums, and the World Wide Web. Investor speculation in new markets provided by these innovations would also lead to the inflation and collapse of the Dot-com bubble, a major market collapse. But despite this, the Internet continues to grow.
[/quote]
socceraggie
Why was this posted? Are you looking for critique or just trying to build points?
samjog
What a good thing is the internet. But i have to admit...its terrible addiction too.
Vrythramax
socceraggie wrote:
Why was this posted? Are you looking for critique or just trying to build points?


He wouldn't have gotten very many points for that post as it was a quote, but it was very informative in showing that the Internet is not the same thing as the World Wide Web...you would not believe how many people are still under the impression that they are the same thing, or that Al Gore (former U.S. Vice President) created the Internet. Wink
lagoon
I can't believe all you Yanks always try and claim the achievement of British Tim Berners-Lee in creating the World Wide Web...
jabce85
this septic's not claiming anything; i'm just glad someone got the internet up and running.
deanhills
Vrythramax wrote:
socceraggie wrote:
Why was this posted? Are you looking for critique or just trying to build points?


He wouldn't have gotten very many points for that post as it was a quote, but it was very informative in showing that the Internet is not the same thing as the World Wide Web...you would not believe how many people are still under the impression that they are the same thing, or that Al Gore (former U.S. Vice President) created the Internet. Wink
I thought it was Embarassed What percentage of the Internet would the World Wide Web be in your estimate? Can anyone else start another WWW? Or is that already in existence for other organisations? Also would there then be space for the Military to have their communications outside the WWW? I.e. talk their own language?
Vrythramax
deanhills wrote:
I thought it was Embarassed What percentage of the Internet would the World Wide Web be in your estimate? Can anyone else start another WWW? Or is that already in existence for other organisations? Also would there then be space for the Military to have their communications outside the WWW? I.e. talk their own language?


I don't have a clue as to what percentage of the Internet would be used at any given time by the WWW. I wouldn't even begin to know where to look for that answer. The Internet as a whole is a bunch of protocals (FTP, IRC, HTTP, SMTP, POP, NNTP, Telnet, etc.) that are constantly in use. The "World Wide Web" is generally regarded as the HyperText Transfer Protocal (HTTP), but all the protocals used actually comprise the whole.

I'm pretty sure you could write (author) your own protocal for use on the Internet, but it would have to go through a very drawn out process of establishing itself via a huge amount of public testing (the RFC process alone could take years), and then it would have to be adopted as a standard. Even if your new protocal made it through all the testing and adoption there would be no assurances that people would even want to use it.

As for the Military being able to talk to each other in thier own languages...who can really say that they don't/can't do that right now? Wink
yagnyavalkya
Internet is not a very old phenomenon
It just has evolved very rapidly
deanhills
Vrythramax wrote:
As for the Military being able to talk to each other in thier own languages...who can really say that they don't/can't do that right now? Wink
So what are they complaining about? Obama was saying that more regulations are needed to protect the military from hacking! I'm now more convinced than ever that these are more lies so that those regulations can give him greater power for electronic surveillance Twisted Evil
Vrythramax
deanhills wrote:
...I'm now more convinced than ever that these are more lies so that those regulations can give him greater power for electronic surveillance Twisted Evil


@deanhills

I don't think your far off the mark there, and the power those regulations would give the government (as a whole) would not just fade away...they would get more stringent over time. If they find they can get away with doing something once, they won't stop with doing it just once...they will push it to the limit and cite your (previous) acceptance as defacto permission to not only continue, but make it more widespread and encompassing.

"Power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutly".
Solon_Poledourus
lagoon wrote:
I can't believe all you Yanks always try and claim the achievement of British Tim Berners-Lee in creating the World Wide Web...
Impressive... you must be very popular to know "all" of us yanks, not to mention being able to know what we "always" do.
Lucy
without the internet our current society wouldnt exist. It brings all of us together
Vrythramax
Lucy wrote:
without the internet our current society wouldnt exist. It brings all of us together


You can't be serious, the internet is only one small factor in everyday life, and society is not dependant on someone being able to check thier email or update thier facebook page. It (the Internet) does make communication easier, but people have always been able to find a way to communicate...IF they want to.
yagnyavalkya
Has anyone seen a Sci fi movie made 20 years ago depicting internet
Solon_Poledourus
yagnyavalkya wrote:
Has anyone seen a Sci fi movie made 20 years ago depicting internet
No. But I have seen sci-fi movies, books and TV shows from over 30 years ago that depict cell phones, video conferencing(which suggests an internet type connection), and many other technological advances which were decades away from being real.
Vrythramax
yagnyavalkya wrote:
Has anyone seen a Sci fi movie made 20 years ago depicting internet


I don't know of the movie your talking about, but the Internet itself was most certainly around more than 20 years ago...the World Wide Web hasn't been around that long though.
slashnburn99
Tim Berners-Lee has helped me waste thousands of hours Shocked


here is an example of his first email


jkjkjhjhjhjhjh

or something random like that


but if he was the creator of internet etc who did he send his email to Laughing
Chinmoy
tims berner lee has done the great job, but the greater job is in our hands. We all can make the web a better place. It is the future of the web we must really care about. the web itself being so dynamic, has changed by leaps and bounds, by Moores Law, over the last 50 years.
CHARMZ7
The Internet is so amazing, like they say " a global village" makes the world such a smaller place..
truespeed
Tim Berners-Lee admits that the two // in the web address weren't necessary .

Full Story
pll
haha! It's funny that he apologies couple of years later! Cool He's funny!

The internet all became between some universities in the US that wanted to link up together, we learn that at school that's nice!


This thing is really addictive!!

We can learn tons of things but sometimes it's also bad...
Internet is good and bad at the same time!

WE ALL NEED TO GET A REAL LIFE!
yagnyavalkya
Internet is history now it is more than twenty years old I guess we need something new
yagnyavalkya
can someone tell as to what will be the course of the evolution of Internet in the years to come that actually will give us a picture of what it intends to be to all of us
davstar
The internet is one of the greatest inventions that has ever been made, but it's not very safe/secure. Every invention has a downside to it and even thought here are millions of threats onn the internet (viruses, trojans and scams) everybody still has the courage to still use this technology.
Bikerman
yagnyavalkya wrote:
can someone tell as to what will be the course of the evolution of Internet in the years to come that actually will give us a picture of what it intends to be to all of us
No, I very much doubt it.
Asking IT experts is no guide to accuracy either. Remember some of the famous predictions by those in the know?
Ken Olson (DEC Computers) - 1977 wrote:
There is no reason anyone would want a computer in their home.
Bill Gates wrote:
We will never make a 32 bit operating system.
Popular Mechanics - 1949 wrote:
Where a calculator on the ENIAC is equipped with 19,000 vacuum tubes and weighs 30 tons, computers in the future may have only 1,000 vacuum tubes and perhaps only weigh 1.5 tons.
Editor for Prentiss Hall - 1957 wrote:
I have traveled the length and breadth of this country and talked with the best people, and I can assure you that data processing is a fad that won't last out the year

and so on.....

I was using the internet back in the late 1970s, and at that time it was inconceivable that it would become largely commercial-driven. In those days advertising of any sort was strictly forbidden. Any guesses about the future are just that - guesses.

If you want my guesses then:
a) Speeds will continue to increase so interactive and multimedia capabilities will continue to grow.
b) Attempts at political interference/censorship will continue but have little success
c) Pirating of video will become as prevalent as mp3 pirating currently is.
d) AI will become more important with predictive and intelligent search engines and personal software assistants that monitor the web for your requirements.
e) The internet will become the standard repository for all human knowledge. This process is well underway already with many academic journals and publications now available on-line.
f) Traditional newspapers will continue to decline with most people getting most of their news and current events from the net. Traditional journalism will face a crisis pretty soon.

Those are not particularly long-term predictions because I really don't have much of a clue beyond the next couple of decades....
lagoon
Solon_Poledourus wrote:
lagoon wrote:
I can't believe all you Yanks always try and claim the achievement of British Tim Berners-Lee in creating the World Wide Web...
Impressive... you must be very popular to know "all" of us yanks, not to mention being able to know what we "always" do.


I've seen it too many times to care anymore... I suppose the users of frihost are of a higher calibre than the US people I have spoken to before.
Flakky
The internet is one of the best inventions. Knowledge and communications in all kinds of devices.
uzeed
WHAT IS HISTORY?

History is the lie commonly agreed upon. (Voltaire)

Who controls the past controls the future: who controls the present controls the past. (George Orwell)

History is more or less bunk. (Henry Ford)

History: An account, mostly false, of events, mostly unimportant, which are brought about by rulers, mostly knaves, and soldiers, mostly fools. (Ambrose Bierce)

History could be divided into events which do not matter and events which probably never occurred. (W.R. Inge)

History is only a confused heap of facts. (G.K. Chesterton)

History is Philosophy teaching by examples. (Thucydides)

Not to know what has been transacted in former times is to continue always a child. (Cicero)

The first lesson of history is the good of evil. (Ralph Waldo Emerson)

History does not repeat itself except in the minds of those who do not know history. (Kahlil Gibran)

Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it. (Santayana)

History is the intellectual form in which a civilization renders account to itself of its past. (Johann Huizinga)

A nation which does not know what it was yesterday, does not know what it is today, nor what it is trying to do. (Woodrow Wilson)

To study history means submitting to chaos and nevertheless retaining faith in order and meaning. It is a very serious task, ... and possibly a tragic one. (Hermann Hesse)

History is a people's memory, and without memory man is demoted to the lower animals. (Malcolm X)

Peoples and governments have never learned anything from history, or acted on principles deducible from it. (G.W.F. Hegel)

History teaches us that men and nations behave wisely once they have exhausted all other alternatives. (Abba Eban)

Our ignorance of history makes us libel our own times. People have always been like this. (Gustave Flaubert)

Universal history, the history of what man has accomplished in this world, is at bottom the history of the Great Men who have worked here. (Thomas Carlyle)

If a man could say nothing against a character but what he can prove, history could not be written. (Samuel Johnson)

History is indeed the witness of the times, the light of truth. (Cicero)

History is the "know thyself" of humanity -- the self-consciousness of mankind. (Droysen)

The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles. (Karl Marx)

History is a science, no less and no more. (J.B. Bury)

History is past politics and politics present history. (E.A. Freeman)

We teach history only when it can be made into an entertaining anecdote, a procedure which is about as sound as leaving the teaching of sexual hygiene to a commercial traveller. (Aubrey Maran)

Fiction is history, human history, or it is nothing. (Joseph Conrad)

History, real solemn history, I cannot be interested in. . . .The quarrels of popes and kings, with wars and pestilences in every page; the men all so good for nothing, and hardly any women at all. (Jane Austen)

The historian can learn much from the novelist. (Samuel Eliot Morison)

History is an argument without end. (Peter Geyl)

Anybody can make history; only a great man can write it. (Oscar Wilde)

History is simply a piece of paper covered with print; the main thing is still to make history, not to write it. (Otto von Bismarck)

No single man makes history. History cannot be seen just as one cannot see grass growing. (Boris Pasternak)

Historical knowledge is not a variety of knowledge, but it is knowledge itself; it is the form which completely fills and exhausts the field of knowing. (Benedetto Croce)

Genuine historical knowledge requires nobility of character, a profound understanding of human existence -- not detachment and objectivity. (Friedrich Nietzsche)

It has been said that although God cannot alter the past, historians can. It is perhaps because they can be useful to him in this respect that he tolerates their existence. (Samuel Butler)
Bluedoll
Information plenteousness.

After an abacus calculation was made of the net gain in tax collection, the runner interconnected the roman governor with Rome and thus fabled the first ‘make a lot of coins for me’ bubble collapse opportunity.

It will be interesting to see what history will say when new innovations come into play. In the future, internet may be old school talk so I wonder what the next newest go go word will be?
ujjawall
i know only internet is a concept of data communication Crying or Very sad Crying or Very sad Crying or Very sad Crying or Very sad
omale55
It is a good thing that the internet evolved rapidly because I don't know how I would survive now without the internet.
standready
Vrythramax wrote:
you would not believe how many people are still under the impression that they are the same thing, or that Al Gore (former U.S. Vice President) created the Internet. Wink

You mean he did not! Why is his wife asking for visitation rights their divorce! laugh!!
lancecruzie
As technology has developed new systems have been developed to enable communication over long distances or at higher speed that were needed for the model of central computer. In the 1950s and early 1960s before the widespread inter-networking that led to the Internet, most communication networks is limited, since it enables communication between stations on the network.
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